How Pain Occurs:
"Pain, which is caused by an unpleasant (noxious) stimulus, is a stressor that can threaten homoeostasis. The body’s adaptive response to pain involves physiological changes, which are useful and potentially life-saving in the initial stages. If the adaptive response persists, harmful and life-threatening effects may ensue.
Pain is noxious, which makes it a powerful protective force: indeed the inability to feel pain is associated with a shortened life expectancy (Shin et al, 2016). After injury, pain encourages us to adopt behaviours that help the healing process; for example, resting the painful part of the body...
Hypnosis in Pain Management:
..Pain inhibition can be stimulated or enhanced by endogenous or synthetic opioids. Endogenous opiods can be stimulated by hypnosis and deep relaxation, which has been used with good effect in acute and long-term pain... (Brugnoli, 2016, Uman et al, 2013)..."
"Hypnosis can alleviate the sensory and/or affective components of a pain experience, which may be all that is required for acute pain"
Understanding the effect of pain and how the human body responds
The role of clinical hypnosis and self-hypnosis to relief pain and anxiety
Hypnosis for the Relief and Control of Pain